What is Shilajit?

Shilajit is a rare natural phyto complex substance formed by the gradual decomposition of certain plants over long period of times by the action of microorganisms. It is collected by local inhabitants in many mountain ranges but mainly from the mountainous range of Hindukush and lower Himalayas of Indian subcontinent. It is thick, sticky, pale-brown to blackish-brown exudation that seeps out of cracks when the sun is beating down on mountains. It is bitter in taste and smells like cow’s stale urine.

Shilajit is a Sanskrit word when literally translated means “invincible rock” and in applied term means “conqueror of mountains and destroyer of weakness.” Shilajit is also spelled as Silajit, Salajeet or Shilajeet and is also known as Asphaltum, mineral pitch, mumijo, momia, mummiyo and moomiyo.



Composition of Shilajit

Shilajit, being a humic substance that is obtained from biodegradation of organic plants, contains more than 80-85% by weight mixture of humic acids and the balance 15-20% by weight constitute complex minerals, trace elements (iron, calcium, copper, zinc, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum and phosphorous), amino acids and proteins, triterpenes, sterols, polyphenols and phenolic lipids. The biologically important classes of compounds of shilajit include: dibenzo-alpha pyrones, phospholipids, triterpenes and phenolic acids of low molecular weight; fulvic acids “the carrier molecules”; humins and humic acids; and trace elements.

The low molecular weight bioactive organic compounds, e.g. oxygenated dibenzo- α – pyrones (or equivalent biphenyl carboxylates) are the major entities. The medium molecular weight fulvic acids act as carrier molecules to the bioactive substances during their systemic transport. The trace elements contribute to the healthful properties. Differences in the biological effects of native shilajit can be attributed to qualitative and quantitative variations of both bioactive organic compounds and the fulvic acids in Shilajit samples from different locations.

The composition of shilajit is influenced by factors such as the plant-species involved, the geological nature of the rock, local temperature profiles, humidity and altitude, etc. For example, it was found that Shilajit obtained from India in the region of Kumoan contains a higher percentage of fulvic acids (21.4%) compared with shilajit obtained from Nepal (15.4%), Pakistan (15.5%) and Russia (19.0%).

Shilajit in its natural form is often contaminated by varying amounts of impurities such as mycotoxins, heavy metal ions, polymeric quinones, reactive free radicals, etc. Mycotoxins are produced by mold or fungi and can cause illness or death in man. Free radicals can be harmful to cells and are believed to be a causative factor in aging. Hence it is necessary to purify shilajit before it is consumed for its health benefits.

Ayurvedic Indications of Shilajit

Shilajit has been used in one form or another for thousands of years under ancient traditional system of medicine (Ayurveda).  In Ayurveda, Shilajit is classified as a “rasayana” (meaning rejuvenator and immunomodulator) and “medhya Rasayana” (rejuvenator of intellect).  Shilajit has potent aphrodisiac properties and rejuvenates the body thereby arrests the process of aging. Traditionally, shilajit is used for its action in genitourinary disorders, jaundice, digestive disorders, enlarged spleen, epilepsy, nervous disorders, chronic bronchitis, and anemia. Shilajit has also been used for kidney stones, edema, and hemorrhoids, as an internal antiseptic, and to reduce anorexia. It is also considered to be an asyogavaha (agent that enhances actions of other herbs), as it synergistically enhances action of other Ayurvedic herbs.

Health Benefits of Shilajit

  • Shilajit as an adaptogen helps reduce stress
  • Shilajit as rejuvenators supports immune function
  • Shilajit supports physical and mental performance
  • Shilajit as an aphrodisiac improves sexual performance
  • Shilajit enhances the bio-availability and actions of other nutrients
  • Shilajit helps reduce gastric acid secretion and supports healing of ulcers
  • Shilajit supports healthy aging
  • Shilajit helps with detoxification of blood and tissues of the body
  • Shilajit supports healthy urinary function
  • Shilajit supports healthy menstrual function
  • Shilajit promotes elimination of natural toxins

Ashwagandha is also an Ayurvedic herb helps reduce stress, anxiety and improve sexual performance. Read more on our blog about Ashwagandha.

Try Shilajit Herbal Supplement from Sandhu products.